A report published by Amnesty International and Afrewatch in 2016 states that the cobalt used to power cell phones and other electronic devices is mined by child laborers in Africa. It also suggests that the major electronics brands are failing to ensure the source of the cobalt used in their devices.
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The US Is Worried About Its Critical Minerals Supply Chains
When U.S. companies build military weapons systems, electric vehicle batteries, satellites and wind turbines, they rely heavily on a few dozen “critical minerals” – many of which are mined and refined almost entirely by other countries. Building a single F-35A fighter jet, for example, requires at least 920 pounds of rare earth elements that come primarily from China.